Lyme Disease Facts

  • Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.
  • Lyme disease can be transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick.
  • Lyme disease has a clinical diagnosis.
  • Lyme disease cannot be confidently ruled out by any current test.
  • Can be difficult to diagnose
  • Lyme disease symptoms overlap with those of many other diseases.
  • Early symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, and a skin rash called erythema migrans.
  • May spread to affect the whole body including eyes, joints, heart and brain.
  • If inadequately treated or treated late, may be difficult to cure.
  • Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics.
  • Lyme disease was named in 1975, after a number of cases occurred in Old Lyme, Connecticut, USA.
  • Lyme disease is not a new disease, it was known in Europe under different names in the early 20th century and was carried by Neolithic “Ötzi the Iceman”.
  • Lyme disease is not spelt Lymes disease, Limes disease or Lime disease.
  • Lyme disease may also be called Lyme borreliosis.
  • Lyme disease-carrying ticks can be found in urban parks and gardens as well as in the countryside.