– Advice for runners from Lyme Disease Action
From veteran marathon runners to recreational joggers, from people who run in urban parks to those who prefer to take more extreme routes, charity Lyme Disease Action asks all runners to be tick-aware when out and about this spring and summer.
Caused by the bite of an infected tick, Lyme disease is found across the UK, in city parks (such as Richmond Park in suburban London) as well as in rural areas. Carried by deer, small mammals and birds, ticks (whose population peaks from April to October) are able to sense a passing potential blood donor by picking up the carbon dioxide that humans exhale. They hook their legs onto clothing or skin and hide in warm, dark corners of the body. Tiny – the size of a fullstop – ticks can easily go undetected and their bite does not cause irritation, because they inject their host with an anaesthetic.
Lyme disease causes a range of unpleasant symptoms which may include a circular red rash, headaches, a stiff neck, extreme fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and disturbances of sight, hearing, digestive system and sleep. If left untreated it can progress to the joints, the heart and the nervous system.
There’s no need to be afraid – it’s more a case of being aware; knowing how to reduce the chances of being bitten, how to remove a tick and knowing what to look out for in the way of symptoms.
To reduce the risk of being bitten by an infected tick, Lyme Disease Action advises runners to take the following precautions:
• Try to avoid stretching out on long grass
• Ensure you brush your clothing and bare skin off before going indoors
• Use an insect repellent effective against ticks (look for those containing the chemical DEET)
• Check for ticks regularly and very carefully when you wash or shower after a run
• Try to avoid running through areas of long grass or bracken
• Remove any ticks found attached as soon as possible
Ticks should be removed immediately with a tick removal tool. Do not try to pull the tick out with your fingers, burn the tick or cover it with creams or chemicals. If you don’t have a tick removal tool, use a thread of cotton wound round close to the skin and pull upwards or, alternatively, cut a slit in a plastic card and slide that under the tick’s body. This reduces the risk of squashing the tick’s body and the rick regurgitating the (potentially infected) contents of its stomach directly into the bloodstream of the host (the human).
If you have been bitten by a tick and notice any of the above symptoms, seek medical help straight away. Diagnosed and treated early, Lyme disease can be treated successfully with antibiotics. NB tick bites do not itch like mosquito bites, so awareness is important to aid diagnosis.
Much more information is available on the Lyme Disease Action website (www.lymediseaseaction.org.uk). Lyme Disease Action is a charity striving for greater awareness of Lyme disease and associated tick-borne diseases.
Ends – 30 April 2014
Note to Editors:
A Lyme disease poster, showing how to remove a tick correctly, and leaflets on Lyme disease, are available for publication if required or, free of charge, for readers to take to their own local GP, veterinary practice or running club. A fact sheet is also available on request. Tick removers can be ordered via the Lyme Disease Action website (www.lymediseaseaction.org.uk) and cost from £4.99 including p&p.
Press: Issued by Lyme Disease Action’s press office (www.lymediseaseaction.org.uk).
For more information, case studies or to speak to Stella Huyshe-Shires, the Chair of Lyme Disease Action, please contact Sue Ockwell or Helena Hamlyn via email – firstname.lastname@example.org